What is Port Forwarding

In this article, we will help you learn what is port forwarding and how it works.


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Port forwarding, also known as port mapping, enables remote servers on the web to access the devices that are inside the private LAN (local area network) and vice versa. However, without port forwarding, only devices that are within the internal network could access each other.

Whether a person is making a Roblox or Minecraft game accessible to his/her friends or hosting a tiny platform, port forwarding is a handy way to access software functioning on the PC remotely.

In other words, port forwarding plots an external port on the web-facing IP address to a certain PC on the local private network. Wherein, it allows a person or any other person to access something on the PC from the web.




How Does Port Forwarding Work?

Port forwarding is the behind-closed-doors process of grabbing information traffic headed for a PC’s IP or port combination. Then, it redirects the data traffic to a different port and/or IP. Software that’s running on the destination host PC typically is the cause of the redirection. However, every so often it could also be an intermediate hardware element like a proxy server, firewall, or router.

Ports are how PCs differentiate between multiple platforms paying attention to one PC. Using ports allows a device to run a multitude of various processes as well as services. Each service owns a port – for instance, websites utilize port 80 while email servers typically utilize port 587.

In general, there are over 65,000 different ports. Nonetheless, only about 1,000 ports are regularly. utilized. Other ports are assigned to apps or devices.

How to Port Forward

  1. Locate the configuration page of your router
  2. Input or login your credentials
  3. Look for the port forwarding option
  4. Add the port forward
  5. Verify the activity


Types of Port Forwarding

There are different kinds of port forwarding. Each port forwarding serves various purposes. Remote & local port forwarding utilizes the SSH Tunneling or TCP port 22.

  • Local – It is utilized when a person wants to utilize his/her LAN device to obtain data from a destination that he/she can’t access to it. However, an intermediate or a device in the middle has access to it. Data will be taken from the remote destination to the local device.
  • Remote – It is a type of port forwarding that allows devices to be viewable on the internet or to other remote devices. Wherein, data is being carried out from the device to the distant destination server. Then, the data will travel back to the source port as well as to the device. Nonetheless, with remote forwarding, any person on the remote device or web can access the device.
  • Dynamic – It is a type of port forwarding that is a local port forwarding extension. However, any program from the LAN device can utilize the SSH tunnel. Also, it can access remote destination ports by utilizing a single port on the side. This port forwarding functions by generating a proxy of sorts.


Always Use A VPN


There are many ways and reasons to utilize a VPN for port forwarding.

A VPN for port forwarding enables incoming information to get around the Network Address Translation (NAT) firewall. It speeds up the internet connection.

It also can increase the download speed, and help people to access their computers when they’re away. Also, a VPN sets up a direct gaming server connection. 

The best VPN for port forwarding is Surfshark, which is an awesome security tool that protects people’s connections to the web. Surfshark offers an encryption protocol to safeguard people’s data and conceal their IP addresses to keep them anonymous. For example, a person can be in the United Kingdom, but the Virtual Private Network can make him/her look like he/she is browsing from the United States.

Note: For more information about SurfShark, please read our SURFSHARK REVIEW.


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If your Firestick still has the older interface, read this article to learn how to update it: Update Firestick Interface.

You can download Surfshark directly from the Amazon App store. It will be easy for you to find Surfshark with your Firestick’s Find feature. Refer to our screenshots below.

1. Go to the Home screen of your Firestick.

step 1 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


2. Navigate towards the Find tab. Press the Search button from the resulting dropdown.

step 2 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


3. Type in the keyword of SurfShark and select from the suggestions that will appear.

step 3 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


4. Click the official SurfShark icon from your search results.

step 4 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


5. Press the Download (You own it) button.

step 5 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


6. The SurfShark VPN installer will download on your device.

step 6 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


7. SurfShark VPN’s app will automatically install itself on your Fire TV stick.

step 7 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


8. Press the Open button after completing SurfShark VPN’s installation process.

step 8 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


9. Please wait for the SurfShark VPN to load its user interface.

step 9 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick


10. You can now log in with your SurfShark VPN account credentials.

step 10 Install Surfshark VPN on Firestick

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Risk of Port Forwarding

  • If you port forward access to a video game. and don’t set a password, hackers might access your IP address. Nonetheless, your friends may join the game with ease and so can hackers or cyber-criminals. 
  • Just like how cyber-criminals test passwords to web-accessible platforms numerous times, they can also breach open protocols. Examples of these are games on web-connected devices. Nonetheless, you must set a robust password and keep the device up to date to prevent this problem.
  • Some gamers may secure their game with a strong password, but never update their game or their devices. However, a security problem occurs in the game, which allows people who exploit the bug to access the computer. However, you must apply security updates regularly to avoid this issue.
  • Some individuals forward a port to utilize a torrenting app. Although people think they are utilizing an anonymizing solution, such as VPN, information is, by chance, uploaded via their true IP address. If a person is downloading copyrighted content, he/she could be in trouble. 



Is Port Forwarding Safe?

It provides individuals outside of their network with more access to their computers. Providing access to unsafe ports can be dangerous, as hackers, threat actors, or cyber-criminals could get complete control of the device.


Why is Port Forwarding Important?

This is important for remote access to content on private networks. As firewalls keep unwanted guests out, the guests you want to get in need a method to do so. Nonetheless, additional required data helps keep unwanted guests out and adds an extra layer of security versus DDoS attacks.


Wrapping Up

Port Forwarding is indeed useful to so many users. You just have to understand the risk of doing it and protect yourself with a VPN like Surfshark.

If you have any thoughts, or suggestions about this article, don’t hesitate to let us know in the comments section.

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